1. Review cause and effect
2. Discuss the book The Day Jimmy’s Boa Ate the Wash. Review the chain of events and identify examples of cause and effect relationships from the book
3. Analyze various examples of cause/effect statements (introductory/intermediate), identifying the cause and effect in each
4. Students will develop and illustrate their own cause and effect sentence.
5. Volunteers share statements
6. Come up with a school-related cause/effect statement together
7. Together, use the Cause/Effect Diamante Poem format and interactive to create a cause/effect diamante poem
Discuss the terms:
• Cause: why something happened
• Effect: the event that happened because of the cause; the result
Students will be able to:
• Define and identify cause and effect
• Explain how cause and effect relationships establish a chain of events
• Generate and illustrate examples of cause and effect statements
• Learn the structure and format of a diamante poem through shared writing
• Apply their knowledge of cause and effect in diamante poem format
• Follow multi-step oral directions
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.3.L.3a -- Choose words and phrases for effect.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.3.RL.1 -- Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.3.SL.3 -- Ask and answer questions about information from a speaker, offering appropriate elaboration and detail.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.4.L.3b -- Choose punctuation for effect.
CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.4.RL.1 -- Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.NL-ENG.K-12.1 Reading for Perspective
Students read a wide range of print and nonprint texts to build an understanding of texts, of themselves and of the cultures of the United States and the world; to acquire new information; to respond to the needs and demands of society and the workplace; and for personal fulfillment. Among these texts are fiction and nonfiction, classic and contemporary works.
NL-ENG.K-12.3 Evaluation Strategies
Students apply a wide range of strategies to comprehend, interpret, evaluate, and appreciate texts. They draw on their prior experience, their interactions with other readers and writers, their knowledge of word meaning and of other texts, their word identification strategies, and their understanding of textual features (e.g., sound-letter correspondence, sentence structure, context, graphics).
NL-ENG.K-12.4 Communication Skills
Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language (e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary) to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.
NL-ENG.K-12.5 Communication Strategies
Students employ a wide range of strategies as they write and use different writing process elements appropriately to communicate with different audiences for a variety of purposes.
NL-ENG.K-12.6 Applying Knowledge
Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions (e.g., spelling and punctuation), media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and nonprint texts.
NL-ENG.K-12.12 Applying Language Skills
Students use spoken, written, and visual language to accomplish their own purposes (e.g., for learning, enjoyment, persuasion, and the exchange of information).
Ohio State Standards
English Language Arts
RL.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to
the text as the basis for the answers
RI.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to
the text as the basis for the answers.
SL.3.3 Ask and answer questions about information from a speaker, offering appropriate
elaboration and detail
English Language Arts
RI.4.5 Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect,
problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.
SL.4.3 Identify the reasons and evidence a speaker provides to support particular points.
English Language Arts
RI.5.5 Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect,
problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts.
L.5.4 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases
based on grade 5 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.
a. Use context (e.g., cause/effect relationships and comparisons in text) as a clue to
the meaning of a word or phrase.