We begin by reviewing that all solids, liquids, and gasses all take up space and have mass. The students are introduced to the Matter Dance of the particles within solids, liquids, and gasses. Professors Roper and Mountain share an experiment to show that all matter, even, gas has mass and takes up space. Next, the professors share an experiment with liquid nitrogen and the students analyze what is happening to the matter within the balloon. Finally, students are asked to help come up with an experiment for the professors to do and make a hypothesis about what will happen.
By the end of the program, the students will know the different states of matter and how heat can affect them.
They will explore the processes of matter changing states due to losing or gaining heat (thermal) energy. They will understand that gas is matter because it takes up space and has mass.
Next Gen Science Standards:
Next Gen: 2 PS1-1,4
South Carolina Department of Education Science Standards
3.P.2A.1 Analyze and interpret data from observations and measurements to describe and compare the physical properties of matter (including length, mass, temperature, and volume of liquids).
3.P.2A.2 Construct explanations using observations and measurements to describe how matter can be classified as a solid, liquid or gas.
3.P.2A.3 Plan and conduct scientific investigations to determine how changes in heat (increase or decrease) change matter from one state to another (including melting, freezing, condensing, boiling, and evaporating).
3.P.2A.4 Obtain and communicate information to compare how different processes (including burning, friction, and electricity) serve as sources of heat energy.