1. The students are introduced to an Ohio History Connection curator and they review the types of work and research done by an archivist.
2. Students receive instruction on how to analyze the content of various historical images.
3. Students examine images to interpret time, place and setting.
4. Time is allowed for follow-up questions.
After participating in this program, students will:
• know how to extract information hidden in images;
• be able to analyze and interpret images as primary sources;
• understand that a photograph is the product of a series of intentional, creative decisions; and
• be able to use historic images to reflect on the experiences of others.
NCTE – ELA K-12.4 Students adjust their use of spoken, written, and visual language (e.g., conventions, style, vocabulary) to communicate effectively with a variety of audiences and for different purposes.
NCTE- ELA K-12.6 Students apply knowledge of language structure, language conventions (e.g., spelling and punctuation), media techniques, figurative language, and genre to create, critique, and discuss print and non-print texts.
NCTE- ELA K-12.7 Students conduct research on issues and interests by generating ideas and questions, and by posing problems. They gather, evaluate, and synthesize data from a variety of sources (e.g., print and non-print texts, artifacts, people) to communicate their discoveries in ways that suit their purpose and audience.
NCTE- ELA K-12.8 Students use a variety of technological and information resources (e.g., libraries, databases, computer networks, video) to gather and synthesize information and to create and communicate knowledge.
NCSS - SS.2 Time, Continuity, and Change
NCSS - SS.5 Individuals, Groups, and Institutions
NCSS - SS.6 Power, Authority, and Governance
NCSS - SS.8 Science, Technology, and Society
Ohio Social Studies Standards
• 4.2: Primary and secondary sources can be used to create historical narratives.
• 4.21: Entrepreneurs in Ohio and the United States organize productive resources and take risks to make a profit and compete with other producers.
• 4.22: Saving a portion of income contributes to an individuals’ financial well-being. Individuals can reduce spending to save more of their income
• 5.15: The availability of productive resources (i.e., entrepreneurship, human resources, capital goods and natural resources) promotes specialization that could lead to trade.
• 6.12: The choices made by individuals and governments have both present and future consequences. The evaluation of choices is relative and may differ across individuals and societies.
• 6.16: When selecting items to buy, individuals can weigh costs and benefits and compare the price and quality of available goods and services
• 7.1: Historians and archaeologists describe historical events and issues from the perspectives of people living at the time to avoid evaluating the past in terms of today’s norms and values.
• 7.19: Individuals, governments and businesses must analyze costs and benefits when making economic decisions. A cost- benefit analysis consists of determining the potential costs and benefits of an action and then balancing the costs against the benefits.
• 8.1: Primary and secondary sources are used to examine events from multiple perspectives and to present and defend a position.
• 8.24: Choices made by individuals, businesses and governments have both present and future consequences.
• 8.26: Governments can impact markets by means of spending, regulations, taxes and trade barriers.
Ohio Social-Emotional Learning Standards
• C1 1.b: Identify verbal and nonverbal cues representing feelings in others
• C1 1.c: Determine if verbal and nonverbal cues correspond to the feelings expressed by others
• C1 3.b: Demonstrate empathetic reactions in response to others’ feelings and emotions
• C1 3.c: Demonstrate empathy through understanding of others’ feelings and acknowledgement of their perspective
Ohio English-Language Arts Standards
• RH.6-8.7: Integrate visual information (e.g., in charts, graphs, photographs, videos, or maps) with other information in print and digital texts.
Ohio Visual Arts Standards
• Grade 4: 1PE:, 5PE
• Grade 5: 1PE
• Grade 6: 4PE
• Grade 7: 5PE
• Grade 8: 6PE