This lesson focuses on the scientific and humanitarian work of George Washington Carver during his years at Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. After a review of his work promoting soil conservation, the park ranger will demonstrate how to make peanut milk, incorporating the scientific method. Students are invited to gather materials and equipment and follow along!
After attending the program, students will be able to:
identify cotton and other cash crops (tobacco, corn) as the cause of soil depletion
explain how the sharecropping system perpetuated the farming of cotton and kept many farm families in poverty
correctly explain the concept of crop rotation
know that legumes are nitrogen-fixing plants, adding nitrogen to the soil
list two or more crops Carver recommended for enriching the soil (peanuts, soybeans, cowpeas)
list two or more products George Washington Carver made from peanuts, sweet potatoes, or soybeans
LS1B 3-5 -- Growth and development of organisms
LS2A 3-5 -- Interdependent relationships in ecosystems
LS2B 3-5 -- Cycles of matter and engergy transfer in ecosystems
3.LS1.B.1 Develop a model to compare and contrast observations on the life cycle of different plants and animals.
5.LS1.C.1 Support an argument that plants get the materials (i.e. carbon dioxide, water, sunlight) they need for growth chiefly from air and water.
2.LS2.A.1 Plan and conduct investigations on the growth of plants when growing conditions are altered.
5.LS2.B.1 Develop a model to describe the movement of matter among plants, animals, decomposers, and the environment.
3.LS3.D.1 Make a claim about the merit of a solution to a problem caused when the environment changes and the types of plants and animals that live there may change.
2.ESS2.A.1 Compare multiple solutions designed to slow or prevent wind or water from changing the shape of the land.
4.ESS2.A.1 Plan and conduct scientific investigations or simulations to provide evidence how natural processes (e.g. weathering and erosion) shape Earth's surfaces.
5.ESS3.C.1 Obtain and combine information about ways individual communities use science ideas to protect the Earth’s resources and environment.
2PC.1.E Describe character traits and civic attitudes of inventors or pioneers in their field who influenced progress in the nation.
2.H.3.C Describe contributions of inventors or pioneers in their field who influenced progress in the nation.
3.H.3.C.a Identify and describe the significance of the individuals from MO who have made contributions to our state and national heritage.
4.EG.5.F Identify different kinds of regions in the U.S. and analyze how their characteristics affect people who live there.
5.PC.1.E Describe character traits and civic attitudes of individuals from 1800-2000.
5.H.3.C Identify and describe the contributions of significant individuals from 1800-2000.