Fundamentals of Weather

by  Mount Washington Observatory

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The atmosphere is a complex system that interacts with other systems on Earth and in space. The result of these interactions is the different weather we experience every day. This program introduces the basics of meteorology to provide a general understanding of Earth's weather. Topics covered include the structure of the atmosphere, clouds, air masses, weather fronts, and thunderstorms. Additional student activities include worksheets about weather fundamentals, layers of the atmosphere, and fronts and air masses.

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About This Program


By Request: $200.00

For individual programs: $200 for the first, $155 for the second, and $125 for each thereafter


1 hour

Target Audience

Education: Grade(s) 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, Teacher(s)/Educator(s), Adult Learners, Homeschool/Family , Learning Pod

Minimum participants:

There is no minimum, but for optimum program interactivity, we suggest at least 10 students

Maximum participants:

There is no maximum

Primary Disciplines

Mathematics, Sciences, STEM , Weather and Climate

Program Delivery Mode


Booking Information

This program is not available on Wednesdays

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For more information contact CILC at (507) 388-3672

Provider's Cancellation Policy

Contact us if you need to cancel a program.

About This Provider

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Mount Washington Observatory

North Conway, NH
United States

The Mount Washington Observatory is a private, non-profit organization aiming to advance the understanding of Earth's weather and climate. We achieve this through weather operations, research and product testing, and educational outreach.

In the northeastern United States, a unique combination of topography, geography, and geology creates one of the world’s most extreme environments – the summit of Mount Washington. Nowhere else on Earth experiences such consistent sub-zero temperatures, hurricane-force winds, freezing fog, and driving snow. These extreme conditions have earned Mount Washington the title, “Home of the World’s Worst Weather”.

Through our distance learning programs, we make it easy for students to visit this extreme environment virtually. Students have the opportunity to learn about weather and climate directly from the people who study it every day. Weather observers living and working at the Observatory’s legendary summit weather station will share their first-hand knowledge and experience in an exciting, interactive format. Close that textbook and enter the alpine zone!

Brian Fitzgerald

Program Details


I. Preparation: It is recommended that teachers prepare students by briefly introducing the science of meteorology and what the Mount Washington Observatory is. Please refer the the provided supplemental resources and to our website, mountwashington.org.

II. Introduction: The live program will begin with a brief introduction and discussion about current weather conditions on the summit of Mount Washington - where the scientist will be presenting from.

III. Program Presentation: The presenter will move through a prepared slideshow presentation about the fundamentals of weather.

IV. Q&A: Students will have the opportunity to ask questions about the fundamentals of weather & climate.


In this program, students will:
1. Learn about the structure of the atmosphere
2. Learn about cloud formation and types
3. Learn about air masses and weather fronts
4. Learn about severe weather, including thunderstorms

Standards Alignment

National Standards

ESS2A 6-8 -- Earth materials and systems
ESS2A 9-12 -- Earth materials and systems
ESS2D 6-8 -- Weather and climate
ESS2D 9-12 -- Weather and climate